Surgery is a branch of medicine or dentistry that uses surgical techniques to explore or treat a pathological condition like an injury or a disease, to aid to improve physical function, appearance, or even to repair any unwanted ruptured organs. The surgery can be pediatric or adult and is usually part of the reconstructive process. A reconstructive surgery often requires the removal of healthy tissue from areas of the body to make way for the affected area to heal.
Pediatric surgeons perform reconstructive surgery on children from birth until the age of two. During this stage of development, the child’s skeletal and nervous systems are still in a state of growth and development. When performing pediatric surgery, it is necessary to follow strict guidelines and rules. For instance, children cannot be operated on during their first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, all pediatric surgeons perform general surgery on children from birth until they reach the age of two.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, surgeons perform very few surgeries and monitor the baby’s development very closely. This is because the fetus is extremely fragile and if any problems occur during the period of pregnancy, then the risk to the fetus is very high. Also, during the second trimester, the fetus is capable of tolerating anesthesia and can respond to it well. Therefore, surgeons perform minimal surgical operations on children during the second trimester. However, if the child continues to display signs or symptoms of congenital anomalies, which require a minimum number of operations, then more operations may be performed.
During the third trimester, the fetus has reached its full growth and will be capable of responding to surgical treatment. At this time, surgeons perform more aggressive and minimally invasive surgical treatment. During the fourth trimester, the infant will be able to tolerate general anesthesia and will respond well to it. The fifth and sixth months of the pregnancy, when most mothers go into labor, surgeons do not perform any surgical treatment for their patients because the amniotic fluid has nearly dried up and there are no longer viable tissues in the uterus to support any type of surgical operation.
Pediatric surgeons also perform outpatient surgery on patients who do not require any type of surgical treatment, especially those who have had their surgeries performed on them at the hospital. For example, cardiopulmonary surgery, which is used in cases of acute respiratory distress, can usually be completed on an outpatient basis. This means that the surgeon can perform the procedure while the patient is under observation in the hospital and does not have to make a separate referral if he or she were to perform the procedure in a hospital.
Cardiac surgery and pediatric surgery can also be performed on an out patient basis. These types of surgical treatments are referred to as “cardio-vascular” surgery. During cardiac surgery, surgeons use an invasive form of cardiovascular surgery in order to remove and repair damaged arteries, blood vessels, or parts of the heart muscle. If a pediatric or cardiac surgeon has his or her patient come into the trauma center for rehabilitation after the completion of a cardiac surgery, the patient may still need further surgical treatment at a rehabilitation center. In this case, the physician will contact the orthopedic surgeon he or she worked with to arrange for a post-surgery consultation.