Surgery is a generic medical or dental discipline that makes use of surgical instruments and operative manual techniques to explore or treat a physiological disorder like an injury or a disease, to promote bodily function, look, or even to repair inappropriate ruptured areas. The word ‘surgery’ literally means ‘action of the body’ but the medical discipline actually includes many different types of medical interventions. Surgeons deal with most major surgeries and their management. They include cardiothoracic and orthopedic surgery, pediatric surgery, thoracic surgery, rheumatoid surgery, abdominal surgery, eye surgery, refractory surgery, invasive surgery, dental surgery, nasal surgery, plastic surgery and reconstructive surgery.
If you have recently been through a surgery or have had any type of trauma that needs help from a surgeon, you may need help from a surgeon who is an expert in that specialty. Preoperative and postoperative care is provided by the preoperative surgeon. This is usually the chief physician who is in charge of dealing with any problems that arise before the actual surgery takes place. In most cases, he or she will give a basic description of the patient’s condition to the attending surgeon and then the procedures that will be required during the surgery will be determined. This is done in an attempt to minimize any problems that could occur in the actual surgery itself.
A preoperative surgical plan should include a thorough assessment of the physical status of the patient. It should include a discussion of the pre-existing medical history, any medications that the patient is on, and a plan for delivery of specific medical devices. It also involves a detailed discussion of the possible surgery complications that may arise and the extent of those complications and their potential impact on the surgery. In most situations the prior surgical plan is designed for a large incision or for a short surgery period.
The second stage of the surgical process deals with the incision itself. It is here that the surgeon makes an incision into one of the major blood vessels of the body in an effort to remove a tumor or other masses that are blocking the passage of blood to the organs. While a general anesthetic is used for this operation, specific anesthetics are administered for smaller operations. The surgeon must be careful not to cause blood vessels to contract to the point that they tear open the surrounding tissue as this can lead to complications during surgery.
The third phase of the surgery is the removal of the excess tissue and the repairing of any cuts made during the procedure. It is during this stage where the patient is transferred to the recovery room. While in the recovery room, the surgeon will continue to make small incisions in order to remove any excess tissue that is needed to fix the remaining parts of the surgical procedure. General anesthesia is used during this phase. It is advised that patients remain alert for the duration of this phase.
The last phase of the surgery deals with the post-operative period. This is an extended period in which the patient will be monitored by the doctor in order to monitor the general state of their health. Anesthesia is no longer used and most patients remain awake during this time. Any residual blood is typically drained during this period of time. It is important to notify the doctor immediately if you become dizzy during the procedure or if you experience any form of chest pain or pressure. You should also notify your doctor if you experience a change in appetite or any unusual symptoms after the surgery has ended.
Once the surgery has been completed, your surgeon will bandage the area and place you in a recovery room. While in the recovery room, you will be given any medicated medications that have been prescribed for you. It is recommended that you stay in the hospital until at least one week after the procedure has been performed. This allows the body to recover from the anesthesia and allow your surgeon to work on making any repairs to your damaged or malfunctioning body parts.
Once you have spent the night in the hospital, your preop appointment will be scheduled the following day. During this appointment, your surgeon will discuss the results of the surgery and discuss whether or not you were given the appropriate anesthesia and how you responded to it. If you had a good response to the anesthesia, your surgeon will recommend that you be given a follow up visit a week or two later. This follow up session will be the surgery’s last step. Your surgeon will remove the bandages and begin repairing whatever areas of your body were affected by the procedure.