Surgery is a branch of medicine or dentistry that makes use of surgical instruments or operative techniques in order to study or treat an anatomically abnormal condition like an injury or a disease, to promote the normal functioning of bodily function, appearance, or even to mend internal injuries. It is not uncommon to find that the word surgery is used in conjunction with medicine, dentistry, and even pharmacy since surgery performs operations and treatments similar to those performed by these other medical professionals. But what exactly is surgery?
Basically, surgery is the insertion or removal of foreign bodies from one area of the body to another. This can take place in the mouth, under the breast, in the abdomen, and even on the upper limbs. The reason for surgery comes from how humans can suffer from trauma and damage to certain parts of the body that can be remedied by means of surgery. In addition, the recovery period from such surgery can be longer since there are more bones and tissues that must be dealt with after the operation has been performed. Surgical procedures and treatments can either be elective or therapeutic, and depending on the nature of the surgery, can either be done in the physician’s office or hospital or in a surgical center or clinic. Surgical procedures can be classified according to the four broad types:
Hysteroscopic surgery is the first type that is most common, in which a thin flexible tube called a laparoscope is introduced into the patient through the mouth. The surgeon then inserts this instrument into the affected area through the small opening that was present in the mouth. In doing so, the surgeon is able to get a better view of the internal structures present in the patient’s body. With the help of the instrument, the surgeon can then plan a course of treatment on how to treat the illness or injury. The surgeon can also ask for a second opinion from another specialist or from another physician in order to clarify the details of the procedure before proceeding to carry out it.
Emergency surgery is the second type of procedure that is often done during a typical surgical procedure. This happens when a problem or complication in the body arises before the normal procedure can be completed. This is an emergency, because the time needed to save the life of the patient involved could have been extended with a traditional operation. In this case, the operation could have been delayed making the availability of the normal medical care more limited. In this phase, the operations room becomes the operating room. The first priority is to stabilize the patient’s condition followed by administering the required treatments to prevent any additional harm to the health of the patient.
Anesthesiologists provide the required anesthesia and other medications required during the procedure and before carrying out the surgical procedure. This is the main difference between an anesthesiologist. An anesthesiologist provides the local or general anesthesia while an anesthesiologist gives the general anesthesia through an intravenous line to the operating room. The medications are then intravenously delivered to the operating room where the operation takes place. Once the surgery is over, the anesthesiologist will remove themselves from the operation room and report to the patient’s doctor or nurse.
Once the surgery is completed, the surgeon will assess the success rate of the procedure. They may need help from the anesthesiologist to make their reassurances. This is the time when they will discuss the post-operative care. The surgeon will advise the patient on the post-operative diet that is necessary to prevent any long term side effects or complications that may arise. The surgeon will also need help from the preop team to plan the follow up care after the surgery has taken place.
The last phase is usually referred to as the recovery or healing process. During this stage, the patient is kept active for about one to two weeks. They may be given pain medication until the incision is healed. They will be advised by the surgeon as to how to care for themselves after the surgery. The procedure may cause them some discomfort but they need to keep calm and use the incision as a guide so they can avoid any post-operative issues that can arise.
All in all, it can take three to six months for surgery to heal. This can vary depending on the type of surgery performed. The recovery time frame is based on the success rate of the procedure, the amount of healing time needed and the activity level of the patient prior to the surgery. The doctor may recommend a follow up visit to monitor the success of the procedure.