Acne is a skin problem that can be unpleasant to look at. It can appear on any part of your body except your face, where the largest number of pores are found. It usually appears during adolescence and often continues well after you turn twenty-five. Most people get acne in their teenage years. Acne is caused by a combination of hormones and bacteria. Acne is a common problem among teenagers, and it usually goes away once you start regular hormone therapy.
In acne, the sebaceous glands start to manufacture too much oil. Testosterone triggers the sebaceous glands to make more oil than the skin requires. The extra sebum mixes with deceased skin cells, forming a plug in the pore. If the plug is close to the surface of your skin, it becomes inflamed and turns into a blackhead. If it is deeper, it becomes a pimple.
Sebum and dead skin cells plug the hair follicles, preventing new ones from growing. This makes your face oily, and you might have acne. Your body tries to eliminate the excess oil by fighting off bacteria. Over time, hair follicles become blocked and can result in acne. When the hair follicles are blocked, the sebaceous gland produces even more oil and the problem get worse.
There are many ways to treat acne, depending on its cause. Some medications are more effective than others at clearing up the problem. Most treatments for acne involve taking oral medications, which prevent bacteria from taking hold in your skin. However, sometimes oral medications can cause acne to worsen if they are not taken properly.
For many women, cysts on the ovaries cause acne. These cysts often burst on the ovary or outside the body, causing an embarrassment that can last for weeks or months. If you have had a cyst for more than six months, you should see a doctor to be safe. The ruptured cysts can become infected and cause more serious complications.
Scarring is another cause of acne scarring. Acne scarring occurs when acne causes skin to become very dry and flaky. Over time, the constant scratching that goes on as a result of your acne can leave you with permanent scars. Fortunately, many people treat acne scars by getting rid of the spots, but scars from scarring can make acne worse and cause scarring to last much longer.
Hormonal changes are another reason why you may get acne. During puberty, oil glands to produce more oil and these oils combine with dead skin cells to create pustules or whiteheads. As you age, oil glands produce less oil, but the resulting pimples remain the same size, look the same color and can be deep seated beneath the surface of your skin. This type of acne is usually noticeable during your mid-twenties and is caused by both increased production of sebum and decreased production of sebum. Many acne treatments involve reducing the amount of sebum that your body produces, although most people get temporary relief when using benzoyl peroxide products.
Pus is a byproduct of the hormones that cause inflammation. When there is too much sebum produced, it can get trapped in hair follicles and form whiteheads or blackheads. This trapped sebum mixes with bacteria and dead skin cells to form pimples. Acne remedies that deal with this are meant to reduce the inflammation caused by excess hormones, but some people must resort to harsh topical products to deal with this problem.
Bacteria is another major cause of pimples. Excessive bacteria numbers in the skin leads to the clogging of the pores, which in turn causes inflammation. Bacteria that naturally live on the skin are the least of your problems, as they tend to be replaced by good bacteria every day. When you have more dead skin cells and bacteria than usual, however, the situation can become bad.
The increased production of sebum is also one of the causes of inflammation. Sebum, the oily substance that makes your face look alive and radiant, lubricates the hair follicle shaft and keeps dirt out. But when sebum becomes too abundant, it can clog the follicle, which allows bacteria to colonize and cause the infection. Acne cleansers used to be mostly antibacterial, but now they include parabens, a chemical compound that is listed in a number of scientific studies as being linked to the development of cancer.
Because many women are dissatisfied with their current condition, a new wave of acne remedies are being developed to deal with this condition. Acne can be very severe for some people, and doctors may prescribe several treatments to get to the root of the problem. Acne products like lotions, creams, and gels are all used in treating this problem. Acne products can also be prescribed by dermatologists, depending on the severity of your condition. If you are taking medications for any other medical condition, consult with your doctor before using any self-care remedies for acne.