Acne is a skin condition that affects nearly all teenagers. Acne can cause severe scarring in cases where it occurs in the face and neck. Acne is actually a bacterial infection caused by a bacterium that normally lives on the human skin. When it grows out of control, acne causes pimples, zits, and whiteheads. In some severe cases, cysts may develop in the hair follicles causing nodules and papules.
Acne is normally caused when small hair follicles inside the skin become clogged with dead skin cells. Hormones called androgens (including testosterone) stimulate sebaceous glands in order to produce more sebum, a natural lubricant that helps your skin stay moisturized. In normal acne, the sebaceous glands start producing too much oil. If the blocked follicle is near the surface of the epidermis, then it becomes swollen, making a whitehead or a blackhead, respectively.
One common side effect of isotretinoin is depression. Depressed teens tend to cut their social interactions short, and may not show up for school or other activities. Severe cases of acne may even result in social alienation or frequent relapses into depression. However, most people who take isotretinoin and eventually cure their acne experience no side effects, so it’s usually considered a mild medication.
However, in some severe cases of acne vulgaris, or inflammatory acne, dead skin cells and inflamed oil glands can result in severe scarring. A small nodule or pustule is formed below a hair follicle. It looks like a pimple but lacks the typical pustules and pus that characterize the actual pimple. It also doesn’t have a blackhead or whitehead surrounding it. If you start to notice the symptoms mentioned above, see your healthcare provider right away. The doctor will be able to perform a biopsy or take a scrap of skin from around the pimple to use for diagnosis.
There are many treatments for acne scars. Most doctors will prescribe topical creams and ointments that can help reduce the appearance of scarring. There are also several over-the-counter medications that you can buy in stores. These are designed specifically to reduce the appearance of pimples and unsightly scarring.
One interesting new treatment for acne involves honey. Researchers have found that certain types of honey contain special enzymes that work to destroy bacteria and help repair damaged skin. Some types of honey are antibacterial, which means they fight against the growth of harmful bacteria that cause acne.
Another acne treatment involves the application of tea tree oil. It is believed that tea tree oil fights against the bacteria that cause acne. To make a paste out of the oil, mix one part tea tree oil with two parts water. Apply the paste to your face twice per day, or as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Be careful not to apply too much, or it could dry out your skin.
You may also want to consider taking oral contraceptives. This type of oral contraceptive pills can help prevent pregnancy in women who are considered to be at risk for acne. Oral contraceptives may also help prevent the breakouts of more severe acne that doesn’t respond to traditional acne remedies. They can sometimes help to reduce the amount of sebum production, which is responsible for most cases of acne. However, women should always talk to their healthcare providers before taking any birth control pills, including non-hormonal pills.
Severe acne can sometimes present with symptoms such as severe inflammation, puss build-up and infection of the skin pores. These kinds of cases usually require the help of dermatologists who can prescribe the right medicines and medications for your type of skin. Acne can affect anyone, at any time. If you’re trying to find a cure for mild acne, you should be patient because getting rid of your problem may take some time.
Mild acne usually clears on its own after about three to six months. This kind of acne usually doesn’t produce any major side effects and is easily treated. People with moderate to severe cases of acne should consult their doctor for more aggressive treatment options. Acne can appear at any point of a person’s life, but tends to be most common during teenage years. Blackheads and whiteheads are the most common types of acne, but there are other kinds that also occur such as cystic and pustular.
A new ingredient called witch hazel has proven to be very beneficial for treating severe forms of acne and is currently one of the most commonly used herbal remedies for this purpose. A study was conducted in which people suffering from moderate to severe cases of acne were given an all natural acne cream with witch hazel in it and then were monitored for improvement. The results showed that patients that went through this type of treatment experienced significant improvements, which included the disappearance of their whiteheads and blackheads within three weeks. Although this treatment is quite simple, it does have some potential side effects and should only be used under the supervision of a dermatologist. If you suffer from acne and have tried everything but nothing has worked, don’t give up – you’re not alone!